Important Definitions

Important Definitions

Making sense of all the latest updates requires an understanding of the relevant jargon. This page introduces various key concepts and terms, so that you can more readily synthesise future updates.

Don't hesitate to reach out if you think any important terms have been omitted.

Author's Note:
A large portion of the Important Definitions below are lifted from the UAP Disclosure Act of 2023, a Senate amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2024 – sponsored by Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer.

I used these definitions because they are generally very well articulated, and directly indicative of the discourse being entertained in the halls of Washington D.C..

Definitions taken from UAP Disclosure Act of 2023 are identified with an asterisk (*)

Click here for a dedicated summary of the UAP Disclosure Act of 2023.

Important Definitions

Close observer*

Anyone who has come into close proximity to unidentified anomalous phenomena or non-human intelligence.

Controlled Disclosure Campaign Plan*

The official disclosure plan as proposed and described in the UAP Disclosure Act of 2023.

For more information on the specifics of said plan, check the original language of the Senate Amendment here, or the Disclosure Diaries summary post here.


In general, Disclosure is the process of making facts or information known to the public. In this context, it would refer to the disclosure of the reality as it pertains to Non-Human Intelligence. Disclosure could lead to the admission of – we are not alone.

Eminent domain

In general, eminent domain refers to the right of governments like the United States to seize private property for public use, following fair compensation.

Independent Research and Development Activity (IRAD)

Independent Research & Development (IRAD, or IR&D) is research and development (R&D) activities conducted by private companies that have potential interest to the U.S. Department of Defense.

These activities cover technical research and development efforts by industry that is not directly sponsored by or explicity required in the performance of a specific contract.

Legacy program*

All [US] Federal, State, and local government, commercial industry, academic, and private sector endeavors to collect, exploit, or reverse engineer technologies of unknown origin or examine biological evidence of living or deceased non-human intelligence that pre-dates the date of the enactment of [the UAP Disclosure Act of 2023].

Non-Human Intelligence (NHI)*

Any sentient intelligent non-human lifeform regardless of nature or ultimate origin that may be presumed responsible for unidentified anomalous phenomena (or of which the [US] Federal Government has become aware).

Ontological Shock

The state of being forced to question one's worldview. 

Overton Window

The Overton Window is the range of policies politically acceptable to the mainstream population at a given time. It is also known as the window of discourse.

To illustrate the shifting Overton Window – just a couple of years ago, seriously discussing the possibility of NHI and recovered alien spacecraft would've probably landed any politician in the loony bin, nowadays you might just be the Senate Majority Leader of the United States sponsoring a UAP amendment to the NDAA.

Prosaic attribution*

The term 'prosaic attribution'' means having a human origin and operating according to current, proven, and generally understood scientific and engineering principles and established laws-of-nature and not attributable to non-human intelligence. 

Author's note:
This essentially covers things like (spy) balloons, drones, satellites, advanced/top -secret military vehicles, radar reflectors etc... 

Public interest*

The compelling interest in the prompt public disclosure of unidentified anomalous phenomena records for historical and Governmental purposes and for the purpose of fully informing the people of the United States about the history of the Federal Government's knowledge and involvement surrounding unidentified anomalous phenomena.

Author's note:
As this definition originates from the UAP Disclosure Act of 2023, it includes US-centric language. I believe the overall meaning of the term 'Public interest' can, however, be extended to cover the global population. Any future reference to the public interest I personally make will reflect this more global definition.

Review Board*

Refers to the Unidentified Anomalous Phenomena Records Review Board as established in the UAP Disclosure Act of 2023.

The President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint, without regard to political affiliation, 9 citizens of the United States to serve as members of the Review Board to ensure and facilitate the review, transmission to the Archivist, and public disclosure of government records relating to unidentified anomalous phenomena.

Sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF)

A sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF) in United States military, national security/national defense and intelligence parlance, is an enclosed area within a building that is used to process sensitive compartmented information (SCI) types of classified information.

Access to SCIFs is normally limited to those individuals with appropriate security clearances. Non-cleared personnel in SCIFs must be under the constant oversight of cleared personnel and all classified information and material removed from view to prevent unauthorized access.

Special access programs (SAPs)

Special access programs, in the U.S. Federal Government, are security protocols that provide highly classified information with safeguards and access restrictions that exceed those for regular classified information.

SAPs can range from black projects (an informal term used to describe a highly classified, top-secret military or defense project that is not publicly acknowledged by government, military personnel or contractors) to routine but especially-sensitive operations.

Technologies of unknown origin*

Any materials or meta-materials, ejecta, crash debris, mechanisms, machinery, equipment, assemblies or sub-assemblies, engineering models or processes, damaged or intact aerospace vehicles, and damaged or intact ocean-surface and undersea craft associated with unidentified anomalous phenomena or incorporating science and technology that lacks prosaic attribution or known means of human manufacture.

Temporarily non-attributed objects*

The class of objects that temporarily resist prosaic attribution by the initial observer as a result of environmental or system limitations associated with the observation process that nevertheless ultimately have an accepted human origin or known physical cause.

This might include: (i) natural celestial, meteorological, and undersea weather phenomena; (ii) mundane human-made airborne objects, clutter, and marine debris; (iii) Federal, State, and local government, commercial industry, academic, and private sector aerospace platforms; (iv) Federal, State, and local government, commercial industry, academic, and private sector ocean-surface and undersea vehicles; and (v) known foreign systems.

Author's note:
This definition is very useful in terms of framing future discussions regarding UAP, i.e. when people like US Congressmen/Senators mention UAP – they are explicitly not talking about any of the aforementioned objects.

Transmedium objects

The class of objects or devices that are observed to transition between space and the atmosphere, or between the atmosphere and bodies of water, that are not immediately identifiable.

Unidentified Anomalous Phenomena (UAP)*

Any object operating or judged capable of operating in outer-space, the atmosphere, ocean surfaces, or undersea lacking prosaic attribution due to performance characteristics and properties not previously known to be achievable based upon commonly accepted physical principles. 

Unidentified anomalous phenomena are differentiated from both attributed and temporarily non-attributed objects by one or more of the following observables: 

 (i) Instantaneous acceleration absent apparent inertia. 

 (ii) Hypersonic velocity absent a thermal signature and sonic shockwave. 

 (iii) Transmedium (such as space-to-ground and air-to- undersea) travel. 

 (iv) Positive lift contrary to known aerodynamic principles. 

 (v) Multispectral signature control. 

 (vi) Physical or invasive biological effects to close observers and the environment. 

The term "unidentified anomalous phenomena'' includes what were previously described as:

 (i) flying discs; 

 (ii) flying saucers; 

 (iii) unidentified aerial phenomena; 

 (iv) unidentified flying objects (UFOs); and 

 (v) unidentified submerged objects (USOs).

This page is updated and expanded upon on a near-daily basis to reflect the latest developments as they unfold.

I send out the relevant updates every week in a free newsletter you can subscribe to here.

As always, If I've omitted something you find pertinent, or if I've included anything you believe to be incorrect or misleading – please reach out here and I'll do my best to address it.

The most recent update occurred on the 3rd of September 2023.